The best medical care is firmly rooted in scientific medical research, systematic evidence based reviews, and randomized, controlled, clinical trials. That’s the reason we do what we do at Synergy Spine Center. Do not just take our word for it. Read it for yourself, or refer your medical professional to the best current literature on spine care and find out why Synergy Spine Center really is “A Better Way Forward.”


  1. Deyo RA, Weinstein JN, Low back pain. N Engl J Med 2001; 344(5):363
  2. Katz JN, Harris MB, Lumbar Spinal Stenosis N Engl J Med 2008; 358:818
  3. Ruetten S, Komp M, Merk H, Godolias G, Full endoscopic interlaminar and transforaminal lumbar discectomy versus conventional microsurgical technique. A prospective, randomized, controlled study. Spine 2008 33(9):931
  4. Ruetten S, Komp M, Merk H, Godolias G. Full-endoscopic cervical posterior foraminotomy for the operation of lateral disc herniations using 5.9mm endoscopes. Spine 33:940-948, 2008
  5. Ruetten S, Komp M, Merk H, Godolias G, Surgical treatment for lumbar lateral recess stenosis with the full-endoscopic interlaminar approach versus conventional microsurgical technique: a prospective, randomized, controlled study. J Neurosurg Spine 2009; 10:476
  6. Van Kleef M, Barendse G, Kessels A, Voets H, Weber W, De Lange S, Randomized trial of radiofrequency lumbar facet denervation for chronic low back pain. Spine 1999; 24(18):1937
  7. Kumar K, Hunter G, Demeria D, Treatment of chronic pain by using intrathecal drug therapy compared with conventional pain therapies: a cost-effectiveness analysis. J Neurosurg 2002; 97:803
  8. North R, Kidd D, Shipley J, Taylor R, Spinal cord stimulation versus reoperation for failed back surgery syndrome: A cost effectiveness and cost utility analysis based on a randomized controlled trial. Neurosurgery 2007; 61:361
  9. Martin, Expenditures and Health Status Among Adults with Back and Neck Problems. JAMA 2008, 299(6); 656-664
  10. Weinstein J, Tosteson T, Lurie J, Surgical vs. nonoperative treatment for lumbar disk herniation. JAMA 2006; 296:2441
  11. Weinstein J, Tosteson T, Lurie J, Surgical versus nonsurgical therapy for lumbar spinal stenosis. N Engl J Med 2008; 358:794
  12. Chou R, Huffman L Medications for acute and chronic low back pain. A review of the evidence for an American Pain Society/American College of Physicians Clinical Practice Guideline. Annals of Internal Medicine 2007, 147:505-514
  13. Chou R, Atlas S, Stanos S, Rosenquist R. Nonoperative interventional therapies for low back pain: a review of the evidence for an American Pain Society clinical practice guideline. Spine 34:1078-1093, 2009
  14. Deyo RA, Mirza SK, Trends, Major Medical Complications, and Charges Associated With Surgery for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis in Older Adults. JAMA 303:1259, 2010
  15. Smith L, Enzyme dissolution of the nucleus pulposus in humans. JAMA 187:137, 1964
  16. Choy DSJ, Ascher PW, Saddekni S, Alkaitis D, Liebler W, Hughes J, Diwan S, Atlman P, Percutaneous laser disc decompression; A new therapeutic modality. Spine 1992, 17:949
  17. Nordby EJ, Javid MJ, Continuing experience with chemonucleolysis. Mt Sinai J Med 2000; 67:311
  18. McMillan MR, Patterson PA, Parker V, Percutaneous laser disc decompression for the treatment of discogenic lumbar pain and sciatica. A preliminary report with 3-month follow-up in a general pain clinic population. Photomed Laser Surg 2004; 22:434

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